Walter Jurmann’s Life in Brief

Walter Jurmann's Life in Brief
Posterity

1903
Walter Jurmann is born on October 12 in Vienna.
1921
Begins to study medicine at the University of Vienna. Takes a job as pianist at the Hotel Panhans, in a resort near Vienna. Abandons medical studies for a career in music.
1924
Meets the lyricist Fritz Rotter.
1927
Moves to Berlin.
1928
“Was weißt denn du, wie ich verliebt bin,” sung by Richard Tauber, becomes his first big hit.
1930
“Veronika, der Lenz ist da” is popularized by the Comedian Harmonists, who adopt it as their signature tune. Begins to compose for film.
1931
Jurmann's music for the film Ihre Majestät, die Liebe brings him his first film success. Begins his long, successful collaboration with the composer Bronislaw Kaper.
1932
The composing team provides music for eight films, among them Melodie der Liebe, starring Richard Tauber.
1933
Jurmann’s song “Mein Gorilla hat ’ne Villa im Zoo,” sung by Hans Albers, is featured in the film Heut' kommt’s drauf an; Jan Kiepura appears in the film Ein Lied für dich and helps make Jurmann’s song “Ninon” the most popular love song throughout Europe. Jurmann and Kaper move to Paris; Jurmann composes some works under the pseudonym Pierre Candel.
1934
Composes music for the revue Parade de France at the Casino de Paris and for five films, among them Les nuits moscovites, starring Harry Bauer, Annabella, and Tino Rossi Marries Anni Wassermann, but the marriage ends soon after. MGM offers a contract to the Jurmann-Kaper team that leads to their immigrating to the United States.
1935
Writes the song “You’re All I Need” for the film Escapade, which remains Number 1 in the charts for nine weeks. Writes music for Mutiny on the Bounty, starring Charles Laughton and Clark Gable.
1936
Writes music for the film San Francisco, starring Jeanette MacDonald, Clark Gable, and Spencer Tracy; the song “San Francisco” becomes an independent world hit.
1937
Writes songs for the Marx Brothers’ film A Day at the Races.
1938
Named honorary citizen of San Francisco.
1941
Decides not to renew his contract with MGM but return instead to a career as solo freelance composer. Becomes a U.S. citizen. Volunteers for the army when the United States enters the war. Deanna Durbin sings the song “Thank you, America” at Franklin D. Roosevelt’s third inauguration.
1942
Discharged from the army for health reasons in May but continues work for the USO entertaining troops until the end of the war.
1943
Jurmann's song “Three Letters in the Mailbox” helps make Thousands Cheer one of the most successful films of the year. Composes music for the film Presenting Lily Mars, starring Judy Garland, Van Heflin, and Marta Eggert.
1946
Collaborates with Paul Francis Webster on the musical Windy City.
1953
Marries the fashion designer Yvonne Jellinek.
1961
In New York, Judy Garland includes the song “San Francisco” in her farewell concert at Carnegie Hall.
1966
Composes text and music to the song “San Antonio, the City of So Many Charms.”
1967
19 January: In San Antonio, Jurmann's song named for the city receives a standing ovation at its debut performance by the San Antonio Symphony Orchestra. Named Honorary Ambassador by the San Antonio mayor, Walter W. McAlister. The song “Houston” is performed by the Houston Grand Opera Chorus at the benefit dinner of the Heritage Society, and Jurmann is made Honorary Mayor of Houston. Composes text and music to “A Better World to Live In," which is performed under the aegis of the Council of International Relations in San Antonio on 21 September by the Fourth U.S.A. Army Male Chorus.
1971
17 June: Dies from a heart attack while on holiday with his wife in Budapest.

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POSTERITY
1977
In Washington, DC, Rosita Fernandez, representing the state of Texas, performs the song “San Antonio” at Jimmy Carter’s presidential inauguration.
1984
In San Francisco, Jurmann's song “San Francisco” is named the official City Song.
1985
In San Antonio, Jurmann's “San Antonio ”is named the official City Song.
1986
In Austria, ORF, the Austrian television company, broadcasts a program on Jurmann titled Weltbürger der Musik (Musical Cosmopolitan).
1989
26 March: In Los Angeles, Jurmann's “A Better World to Live In” is featured in the Easter Sunrise service at the Hollywood Bowl.
1995
12 March: In Los Angeles, the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), hosts a concert event titled A Song for You: A Tribute to the Music of Walter Jurmann.
2000.
22 August: In Washington, DC, the U.S.A. Army Band plays a tribute to Walter Jurmann on the steps of the U.S. Capitol.
2001
17 June: In Vienna, a Walter Jurmann Gala takes place in the Vienna Konzerthaus. 22 August: In Vienna, Max Raabe and the Palast Orchestra perform Jurmann music at the official opening ceremony of the Wiener Festwochen. 5 December: In Washington, DC, Max Raabe, accompanied by Christoph Israel, sings an all-Jurmann concert, From Vienna to Hollywood: A Tribute to the Music of Walter Jurmann, at the Austrian Embassy. 7 December: In Los Angeles, Max Raabe, accompanied by Christoph Israel, performs the all-Jurmann concert Songs of Love and Exile.
2003
Centennial concerts celebrate Jurmann’s 100th birthday in Vienna, Berlin, Munich, Hamburg, Cologne, Leipzig, Washington, DC, Los Angeles, and other cities in Europe and the United States. In Vienna, an opening ceremony is held for the newly named Walter Jurmann Gasse in the city’s 23rd district.
2004
16 November: In Los Angeles, Max Raabe and the Palast Orchestra perform Jurmann songs in a concert at Royce Hall, UCLA.
2005
20 July: In Berlin, a memorial plaque is placed at the house at Kurfürstendamm 154, in Berlin-Wilmersdorf, where Jurmann lived 1927–1933.
2006
10 January: In Cologne, the all-Jurmann concert Hollywood in Cologne is held in the city's Philharmonic Hall. 3 February: In Vienna, Andrea Rost, accompanied by Béla Fischer, sings an all-Jurmann concert, Wien–Hollywood: tour–retour, at the Musikverein. 12 October: In Vienna, a memorial plaque is placed at Jurmann’s birthplace, Große Stadtgutgasse 7, in Vienna-Leopoldstadt, the city’s 2nd district.
2007
21 April: In Baden bei Wien, an all-Jurmann concert is given by the Badener Städtisches Orchestra, conducted by Franz Josef Breznik; soloists include Patricia Nessy, Caroline Vasicek, Boris Pfeifer, Max Voit, Carola Baumann, and Dessislava Valeva-Phillipova.
2009
16 April: In Berlin, the Freunde und Förderer des Werks von Walter Jurmann (Friends and Supporters of Walter Jurmann), is established.
2010
22 January: In Vienna, the musical Waiting for Romance, with music exclusively by Jurmann, premieres at the Konservatorium Wien Privatuniversität’s department of musical theater. The work, which receives four subsequent performances, was written by Florian Stanek, directed by Issabella Fritdum, and arranged and conducted by László Kövi. 13 February: In Dresden, “A Better World to Live In” is performed by the Kammerchor der Frauenkirche Dresden, with Matthias Grünert conducting. The performance is part of the annual commemoration of the destruction of Dresden on this date in 1945. April: Ricordi publishes the collection Alle Welt singt seine Lieder, thirty-six of Jurmann’s most popular songs arranged for voice and piano (www.musicshopeurope.com). 11 June: In Vienna, the Freundeskreis der Musik Walter Jurmanns (Friends of the Music of Walter Jurmann) is established. 12 October: In Berlin, in the city’s town hall, the Rotes Rathaus, Max Raabe, accompanied by Christoph Israel, gives an all-Jurmann concert on the occasion of Jurmann’s 107th birthday.
2011
9 February: In Berlin, the Austrian Embassy hosts an all-Jurmann concert as part of the Filmfestival Berlinale. February: Wim Wenders’s new 3D documentary film about Pina Bausch, PINA tanzt, tanzt sonst sind wir verloren, which features Jurmann’s song “Du bist nicht die Erste,” premieres at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival and subsequently receives the 2011 German Documentary Film Prize; the film is nominated for both the December 2011 European Film Academy Prix Arte and the 2012 Academy Awards. 1 June: In Vienna, in the Theater Nestroyhof, Max Raabe and the pianist Christoph Israel give an all-Jurmann concert.10 August: In Wooster, Ohio, the Ohio Light Opera Company (OLO) presents a concert performance of Jurmann’s Windy City as part of their 2011 Summer Festival. The performance, directed by OLO artistic director Steven Daigle and associate artistic director Julie Wright Costa, features Jacob Allen, piano, and the singers Natalie Ballenger, Sarah Best, Logan Walsh, and Joey Wilgenbusch. October: Jurmann’s music to the songs “Ninon” and “Du bist nicht die Erste” are featured in the 2011 documentary film Max Raabe in Israel, which premieres at the 27th Haifa International Film Festival. 26 November and 1 December: In Berlin, an all-Jurmann concert is held first in the Terzianum and then in Bismarck’s villa, the Luftraum. The featured performers are Julia Martin-Gámez, soprano, Erwin Belakowitsch, baritone, and Senka Brankovic, piano. 5 December: In Berlin, the newly established Walter Jurmann Prize is awarded for the first time on the occasion of Germany’s biggest and best-known vocal competition, the Bundeswettbewerb Gesang, at the Friedrichstadt Palace (see www.bundeswettbewerbgesang.de/). December: The Volksmusikarchiv (archive of folk music) in Freiburg, Germany, begins cataloging the music and recordings by Walter Jurmann in its collection (see www.dva.uni-freiburg.de/).
2012
30 May and 1 June: In Vienna, the Konservatorium Wien Privatuniversität’s department of musical theater for the first time hosts the newly established, biennual Walter Jurmann-Gesangswettbewerb (Walter Jurmann Vocal Competition); the winner is the soprano Eva Prosek (see www.konservatorium-wien.ac.at/news/uebersicht/artikel/news/20120301/walter-jurmann-gesangswettbewerb-2012/). 7 June: In Los Angeles, UCLA sponsors an all-Jurmann concert at the residence of the Austrian Consul General, with students in the music department.
2013
21 February: In Vienna, the ORF Radio Kulturhaus hosts an all-Jurmann concert with the lyric baritone Erwin Belakowitsch and the pianist Lior Kretzer (see http://radiokulturhaus.orf.at/artikel/326258). 1 May: In Los Angeles, the Walter-Jurmann Voice Competition is held for the first time at the UCLA department of music; winner of the 2013 competition is the baritone David Childs. 13 October: In Berlin, a new CD with songs and chansons by Walter Jurmann, Erwin Belakowitsch singt Jurmann (Orlando Records), is formally presented in the Grüner Salon of the Berlin Volkstheater (see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRIV_71qJL8). 14 October: In Berlin, a second CD presentation for Erwin Belakowitsch singt Jurmann is held at the Austrian Embassy.
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